Janakpur is considered as the capital of ancient Mithila Kingdom. Most of the people here speak Mithali language written in Devnagiri script is also a dialect of Nepali language.
Maithili literature has been developed from the Janakpur region. There is a statue of Maithili poet ‘Bidhyapati Kokil’. Janakpur is the birth place of Sita whom all the Hindu women consider as their idol. During the festival of ‘Vivah Panchami’, pilgrimages from other parts of Nepal and India also takes part in the marriage ceremony of Ram and Sita.
A big Mela is conducted during Janaki Mandir Darshan. Especially, during the Vivah Panchami, a big crowd of Hindu pilgrims covers the whole Janakpur Area. A large no of foreign religious people also visits Janakpur to get darshan of Ram Janaki and to get enrolled in the Rath Yatra of Mithila. Janaki Temple in Janakpur is one of the famous and main religious temple of Hindus. There are other religious spots in the Janakpur area.
The holy shrines like Dhanusha Sagar and Ratnasagar are also regarded as the cultural heritage the Janakpur.
Pokhara is the capital of Western Development region. The Pokhara is the tourism and financial capital of Nepal situated at the Kaski district of Gandaki Zone. It has 9 lakes including the famous Fewa Lake and Begnas Lake. Pokhara is famous for the scenic view of Mt. Machhapuhhre (Fish Tail), Bindawashani Temple, the Seti river, Mahendra Cave, Devid Fall (Patalo Chhago). The name of Pokhara is derived from the world Pokhari meaning the Pond. The Sanskrit name of Pokhara is Dhavalasrotapura (Sanskrit:धवलस्रोतपुर) meaning the city entrance to the white-capped mountains. Disintegrating the Sanskrit word: “Dhavala” means “snow capped snowy mountains”, “Srota” means ” entrance into the or source” and “Pura” means “City”.
Due to heavy rainfall, Pokhara is sometimes termed as Nepal’s Cherapunji. Siddhartha Highway connects Pokhara to Tansen (Palpa) & Butwal area and Prithvi Highway connects to Kathmandu via Mugling. Pokhara has road connections to other cities of Western and Eastern Terai by the Narayangadh via Mugling.
Watch in Video: Nepal Travel Guide – Top 5 Things to do in Pokhara
Kathmandu, in the plains of the mid-mountain region surrounded by mountains from four sides, situated 1337 meters above the sea level is the envoy of Nepal.
The climate of the place is temperate. Kathmandu being the Nepal’s capital is experiencing the population pressure. It is not only a capital city but also a part of the country’s ancient history of temples and the majority of the festivals.According to myths, “The beautiful valley of Kathmandu was created after when Maha Manjushree who came from Tibet established two Shaktis – Barada & Moksha in the big lake and drained the water letting it passed from the Chobar Hills”.
According to myths, “The beautiful valley of Kathmandu was created after when Maha Manjushree who came from Tibet established two Shaktis – Barada & Moksha in the big lake and drained the water letting it passed from the Chobar Hills”.
The valley is the home of many UNESCO world heritage sites like Kathmandu Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, Swyambhu Stupa, Boudha Stupa, Changu Narayan and others. Kathmandu Valley is also considered as open resume and it has seven world heritages sites within the radius of 20 kilometers. The presence of these heritage sites had made Kathmandu as one of the world’s most famous city.
Kathmandu means the Kathmandu district and Kathmandu Valley refers to the collective name of the valley formed by tri-cities -Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, and Lalitpur.
Tihar is a Hindu festival celebrated by Nepalese people. It is also celebrated by Hindu people all over the world. The last day of Tihar festival is known as Diwali. The other names of Tihar are Tyohar, Dipawooli, Dipabali, Deepavali and other similar sounding word. It is also known as the festival of lights, and crackers. It is the biggest festival of Nepal after Dashain. The festival is celebrated from the first day of Kaag Tihar (Crow Tihar) which falls on the Tryodashi of Kartik Krishna paksha to the fifth day of Bhai Tika which falls on Kartik Suklapakshya . Hindus from all over the world celebrate is Dipaavali (Diwali) by lighting houses and enjoy crackers.
How was Tihar festival celebrated in Ancient Nepal?
The five days of this festival has its own story according to the Hindu myths. According to the Hindu, textbook found in Nepal, Yamaraj (son of Surya) accepted his sister Yamuna‘s invitation to join a party and he enjoyed there five days. So the five days are collectively named as Yamapanchak (Panchak means five/fifth). During his stay in Yamuna’s home, impressed by the welcome and behaviour of his sister, he asked her to make a wish. Yamuna requested every year at this time, he has to visit her as well as she wished for a strong bonding of love between brothers-sisters. She also wished for long life and prosperity of brothers to be glorified for ages. Yamaraj granted her wish to be fulfilled. So in this way, Yamraj performed Bhatripuja (sibling rituals) with full devotion by ‘the heart’, ‘the promise’, ‘the act’ and ‘the pure thoughts’ (Nepali/Sanskriti words mentioned :- मनसा, वाचा, कर्मणा र शुद्धचित्त). So, it is believed this ritual performed during Tihar festival strengthens the bonding among siblings and increase the prosperity of their brothers through ages. In this way, since ancient Nepal, this festival is being celebrated. Tihar represents the love between brother and sisters and also affections between animals and humans.
Tihar has its own cultural aspect besides that of religious. Nepal and India both are agricultural counties. A man becomes very happy when time comes to reap his crops (food) like wealth which he has sown gold like seeds. In this occasion of being happy, he worships to thank God. The avatars of the goddess Durga are remembered and worshipped in the Dashain festival as well as the Tihar festival which comes 15 days after Vijaya Dashami. Laxmi is regarded as the goddess of wealth. So, it is worshipped for good weather in South-Asian countries like Nepal, India, Bhutan and Burma.
How is Tihar Festival celebrated in Nepal?
[ctt template=”12″ link=”edC_T” via=”no” ]Tihar is one of the biggest festivals of Nepal. Tihar starts on the Kartik paksha triodashi and ends on Kartik Suklapakshya according to the Nepalese calendar.[/ctt] The festival is calculated scientifically according to Panchanga so the date always varies. If you calculate or convert Nepali miti to English/Gregorian date (BS to AD Converter), mostly the festival falls on either October or November.
Crow Tihar/ Kaag Puja – 1st day
Kaag puja is performed on the Kartik tryodashi, the first day. Crow is considered as a clever bird that knows how to eat, how to survive in every situation. There are many reasons behind worshipping Kaag. It represents the equality of viewing to everyone and it had helped farmers decreasing the bugs or worms especially grasshoppers destroying crops. Also, it is also regarded as the messenger sent by Yamraj. It is considered as a faithful devotee of him. There are other similar words used by Nepalese society such as Kakabeshana (काकगवेषणा), Kakabali(काकबलि), etc.
Dog Tihar/Kukur Puja- 2nd day
[ctt template=”12″ link=”7ffmZ” via=”no” ]The second day of Yamapanchak is celebrated as Kukur Puja (Dog Tihar). Kukur is a Nepali name for the dog.[/ctt] There both the religious and social importance of this day. This day is regarded as Narak Chaturdashi. The dog is also known as the messenger of Yamraj. The dog is also regarded as a faithful devotee of him. The dog is not only considered as loyal or protector but also helps in finding out criminals and used in various study and investigations too.It protects your house especially from thieves and helps humans in many troubles. It has helped in pre-detection of natural disasters. It is also considered as Bhairavs means of transportation (बाहन). So especially today dogs are worshipped, feed delicious foods and thanked them for being a man’s best friend.
Cow Tihar/Gai Tihar and Laxmi Puja – 3rd day
In the Hindu way of lifestyle, Cow plays a significant role. Almost in every religious and social work like early morning home sanitation (घर-आँगन लिपपोत), spreading cow urine (गहुँत सबैतिर छर्केर). It’s not directly using cow dung or urine directly. It has certain procedures on how to use. Cow urine is being used as pesticides since ancient Nepal and India. The cow is taken as animal-wealth too. So, Hindus consider it as the form of goddess Laxmi and also mother cow in the sense we all become child consuming her milk. [ctt template=”7″ link=”8Al9e” via=”yes” nofollow=”yes”]The glory of the cow is also represented by Gaijatra (गाईजात्रा), Gaipala (गाईपाला), Gaiprani (गाईप्राणी) and Gauprani (गौप्राणी). @thenepaluk[/ctt]
Laxmi is known as the goddess of wealth and goodwill. Kartik Krishna Aaushi is considered as the darkest night. So, every home is lightened with diyas to welcome Laxmi home. The theme of this act is to eliminate any kind of darkness that resided inside your heart by using your inner human sense. The cow is worshipped as a resemblance of goddess Laxmi. On this day the people of Ayodhya performed Dipaawali and rejoice the moments after Lord Rama destroyed the demons by piercing with the arrow like words for the world welfare he sat on the throne of Ayodhya. It is believed that any man dying today goes directly to the heaven as per the Yamuna’s wish granted by Yamaraj. Yamaraj is the lord of death or Kaal. The swastika symbol is considered as goodwill according to the Hindu beliefs. For many of the reasons, the main reason is being happy. “तमसोमा ज्योतिर्गमय” is the piece mantra (शान्ति मंत्र) for Dipawali which means “just like from darkness to lightness one should provide soulful joy to him/herself. So, females usually enjoy playing/singing Deusi Bhailo songs. The message of this day is enjoying your life to the fullest level, never let the sorrow enter inside you. There is no any exact English translation of the night of Laxmi Puja but literally, it is a Happy Night (सुखरात्रि ) out of the four important nights of the year. The females especially the unmarried girls plays Deusi Bhailo by going homes to homes.
Some interesting facts of this day
One this day the Nepali calendar was born (not the Bikram Sambat).
Bahadur Jafar Shah, the last king of Mughal dynasty used to celebrate Dipawalli and used to attend Hindu-Muslim programs conducted. The border of Nepal is in Aliabad according to this.
In the time of Shah Aalam III, his royal palace used to be decorated with lights during Tihar festival and both Hindu and Muslims used to attend the programme conducted at Lal Killa.
During the era of Mughal emperor Akbar (कबर), the founder of Din-E-Elahi, Aakashdeep (आकाशदीप) used to be lit on the 40 feet high bamboo in front of royal treasury store(exchequer) on this day,
Also, the King Jahangir used to celebrate Tihar festival.
Deusi and Bhaili start from the 3rd day.
The citizens of Ayodhya lit the diyo using ghee during the arrival of their dearest King Rama. That darkest night of Kartik was buried over the light lit by the people in their homes and people rallying saying Shri Ram (which means our Ram is God). To this day this word took the form Deusir Ram (देउसिरी राम), Deusire (देउसिरे) and Deusi (देउसी). Today also preserving the culture Nepalese love to play Deusi. The team is known as Deuse (देउसे), one says/sings (भट्याउने) and rest follows Deusire after him/her. Listen to more Nepali Deusi Bhailo Songs.
There is another story of Baliraja too.
Ox/Oxen Tihar / Goru/ Gobardhan Puja – 4th day
Goru Tihar also known as Hal Tihar or Gobadhan Puja is the fourth day of this festival. Gobardhan is the name of the mountain near the Gokul according to the Hindu mythical story. It is believed that Krishna used to stay in Gokul with his Gopals. Gopals used to worship god Indra but didn’t get anything. So, Krishna told them instead of worshipping god Indra, they should worship Govardhan mountain which gives them minerals, grass, firewood, timber, etc. So, from that day Govardhan puja is performed. Indra became angry and create hailstorm and heavy downpour on Gokul. Krishna uplifts the mountain by his hands and provides shelter under that big mountain to all the Gokuls. At last, Indra regrets and ask for forgiveness with Krishna. It is believed Gobardhan Puja is being performed from that day till now.
Brother Tihar / Bhai Tihar / Bhai Tika – 5th day
The last day of Tihar festival means the Kartik Suklapakshya Tritiya is celebrated with great importance. This day is praising, loving each other by sisters and brothers wishing for a long life ahead. The ritual is performed and worshipping is done accordingly. Today, sister feeds her brother delicious food, and brother promises to protect her and take care of her thought his life. The story of Yamaraj and Yamuna happens on this day. It is said that during the 5 days of Yamapanchak, Indranidas Dikyaa abandons his kingdom for King Bali.
[ctt template=”12″ link=”UZddQ” via=”no” ]Tika plays important role in Hindu rituals. The tika used in Bhai Puja has seven colours –yellow, blue, orange, white, green, red and black known as Saptarangi (सतरंगी).[/ctt] This tika are applied in brother’s forehead in the upward lining.r
Bardia is the biggest National Park that lies in Terai region of Nepal. It has an area of 38 square kilometres and perfect park for Tiger watching. Some of the parts of NP lies in between Karnali, the country’s longest river and Babai river. Hence, it has become a good natural habitat for animals.
The 70 percent of the NP is covered by Sal tree (Shorea robusta) and it’s sub-species. The remaining 30 percentage of NP is a grassy pastureland. The NP has 54 species of Mammals, 400 species of birds, 25 species of reptiles and more than 60 species of fish.
Not only the National Park, Bardia is famous for it’s Tharu communities and their cultures. The homestay of Bhadgownand the Thakurdwara Temple near the NP are famous tourist destinations for both local and foreign visitors. The Thakurdwara temples have statues of Malla Dynasty and it’s one of the famous religious sites of Mid-Western development region. Usually, mela is organised during the Maghe Sankranti festival.
How to reach Bardia?
You can reach to Bardia by two hours bus journey from Nepalgunj. The Bardia NP is 16 kilometres far from the Ambasa, a place located on East-West Highway.
Pathivara Temple in the Taplejung district is one of the famous temples for religious tourists coming from India as well as from the West. Thousands of thousands pilgrimage flocks to this temple each year. Pathivara Temple is situated at an altitude of 3798 meters above the sea level. Mount Kumbhakarna looks beautiful when you see from here.
Ashoj – Kartik is said to be the best season to visit this area. The locals say, most of the snowfall happens at this time and the weather will also be good.
How to reach Pathivara, Taplejung District?
You can go to Pathivara Temple directly but we have some good ways to make your Nepal travel more awesome. If you are travelling from Kathmandu or Pokhara, then don’t forget to visit Ilam first and head towards Pathivara. In this way, you will collect the amazing memory of the Ilam Team garden also. A flight from Kathmandu to Suketara and then walking 6 hours by foot you can reach here. You can also travel 2 days by bus and reach to Phedi (Fedi). It takes 5 hours of walk before you reach Pathivara Temple. There are several routes to get there. You can catch any public transportation or book a private vehicle.
Upper Mustang is one of the destinations of both national and international visitors. After the operation of public transportation from Jomsong to Mustang, there has been an increase in a number of national tourists too. Especially this season is considered as the best season to visit Upper Mustang.
It takes one day on a public transportation or you can enjoy trekking for three days to reach there. The lifestyle of the Mustang is quite different as compared to rest of the districts. So this became one of the main reason to attract tourists and it’s rising day by day.
Today the King of Mustang has its own pride even the country itself is a republic one. The local and other people respect him very much. The famous spots of this place are Naturally Gufa (nine-storeyed cave), traditional culture, lifestyle, the luring view of nature and the Korala Naka (Nepal-China Border)
How to reach Mustang?
You can book a private vehicle from Kathmandu or Pokhara that takes you direct to Mustang with no any stops. Also, a flight from Kathmandu or Pokhara to Jomsong and a jeep ride up to Jomsong can also be done. There is no any motorable bridge on one of the river you will encounter. But don’t worry, just cross the river on foot and then the next vehicle on the another side of the river will take you to Mustang. It takes 6 hours to reach there.
Annapurna is world famous by the name “Annapurna Trekking” itself. It is one of the top ten world famous trekking destination. So most of the international tourist usually know about it. If you ever try to look for every trekker’s resolution, then you will definitely find the Annapurna Trekking on top of their list. Lamjung is called the gateway of Annapurna Trekking. The route comprises the places like Besisahar, Bhulbhule, Syange, Jagat and Tilicho lake of Manang district, Bagarchhap, Chame, Thorpang and Manang.
This trekking route is easier one as compared to others as you can find out Tea-Houses in every place. So you can enjoy some local Chiya-Kafee (Chiya-Coffee), rest for a while enjoying the community itself. Hotel & Lodges (Accommodations) with good facilities are available on this route so you need not be worried about anything.
How to reach Annapurna region?
There are several routes to reach Annapurna Region. This region has so many places from where you can start your journey. Direct micro buses are in operation from Kathmandu to Besisahar/ Lamjung. Or if you are staying in Pokhara then also you can catch a direct public bus or reserve any private vehicle.
Rara is the biggest lake of Nepal which lies in Mugu district of Far-western development region. Almost every Nepalese wants to visit Rara Lake once in their lifetime. It lies at the height of 2990 meters above the sea level. It is surrounded by the beautiful and evergreen forest and it’s amazing the people by changing its colour with respect to the rays of light it receives. The snow trout fish, (the rare fish only found in Rara lake) inhibits here with other three endemic fish species (Schizothorax macrophthalmus, S. nepalensis and S. raraensis) and one endemic frog, Rara Lake frog (Nanorana rarica).
To get the full photo photometric view of Rara Lake, Murma Top, is one of the best location. The top lies at the height of 4500 meters above the sea level. But, the expected number of international tourists haven’t visited yet in comparison to the local tourist because of its remoteness. However, the good news is more no of travel agencies, hotel business and even the government itself has initiated the tourism campaign. So, this year we saw slightly rise in the international visitors too. If you want to experience the wilderness beauty of nature then Rara Lake is the perfect destination. It used to one of the favourite places of late King Mahendra who once wrote a poem describing the beauty of Rara lake sitting under the Juniper tree.
How to reach Rara Lake and Mugu?
Talcha Airport at Mugu can be reached by 50 minutes flight from Nepalgunj and trekking (walking) three hours you reach to the Rara Lake. Or, Rara lake trekking can be started from Surkhet district. You can reach to Gamgadhi (Mugu) by two days bus journey. And after walking three hours by foot, you can reach Rara lake. Direct public buses or flights are in operation from Kathmandu, Pokhara and other major cities.
Mount Everest Trekking or also known as Sagarmatha National Park Trekking is one of the most travellers choice destination, especially for international tourists. This region experiences thousands of foreign tourists – some of them to submit the almighty Mt. Everest and some to trek up to the Mount Everest Base Camp. More numbers of international visitors flock this area in comparison to the local tourists. But if you see the latest demographic figures (statics) there has been a rapid increase in local tourists as well, says Aang Tashi Sherpa, a local tourism businessman.
You love the majestic Mt. Everest or probably heard the story of Everest but you don’t know how to summit. Don’t worry, there is a place named Kalapatthar from where the mighty Mt. Everest can be literally seen in front of your eyes. Kalapathhar, 5555 meters above the sea level is only the place in the whole world to view the Everest as nearer as possible for non-climbers. You can view the 360-degree panoramic view of the Himalayas range from here. But, you might be confused which the Himalayas you are viewing. So, ask you guide if you have or get a printed pictures with details explained.
How to reach the Everest Region?
A flight from Kathmandu to Lukla (Lukla Airport, has been featured as the world’s dangerous airport by National Geography) and a walk to the Sagarmatha region.
The Nepali name of Mt. Everest is Sagarmatha which means the Head of the Sky. If we disintegrate the word itself; “Sagar” means “the Sky” and “Matha” means “Forehead or head)”.