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About Nepal

About Nepal: Nepal is the oldest country located in the South Asia ranging from the low plains in the South of Ganges to North of highest Himalayas including the Mt. Everest. Nepal, a beautiful sovereign nation with the diversity of cultures, languages and geographic location is the birthplace of Lord Buddha located in the Lumbini of Kapilvastu district. And nepal.rabinsxp.com is a web connecting Nepal to globe sharing knowledge about Nepal, Nepalese cultures, music, languages, tourist destinations much more.

And About Nepal Logonepal.rabinsxp.com is a web connecting Nepal to globe sharing knowledge about Nepal, Nepalese cultures, music, languages, tourist destinations much more.

Nepal History

Various scriptures and Puranas describes Nepal as an extremely ancient land close to 13 million years ago people settled here attracted by the beauty of Himalayan series, mountainous ranges, and valleys. The fossils of Ramapithecus discovered in the Butwal of Western Nepal also proves inhabitancy in Nepal before a million year ago.

The world “Nepal” has been described in the “Atharbaparishisti (Nepali:अथर्व परिशिष्ट)” which is an ancient appendix (book). Though appendix’s time is uncertain, the carbon dating suggests it might have been written around 500-600 BC. Nepal has been mentioned along with the neighboring countries like the Kamaru Kingdom (कामरू), Videha Udumbar (विदेह उदुम्बर) aka the Mithila Kingdom (मिथिला), Avanti Kingdom (अवन्ती) and Kaikaya Kingdom (कैकय).

Nepal has been discussed in the Buddhist text – Vinayavastu, Mulasarvastivada. One of the incidents mentioned in the text is that while Lord Buddha was alive the merchants came to Nepal along with his disciples. This also adds more evidence of Buddha being born in Nepal along with the Ashoka pillar, the written texts of his birth and the archeological discovery of ancient kingdom.

The word ‘Nepal’ as a country has been described in the “Vana Parva”, Book of the Forest (3rd of the 18 Parvas of Mahabharata). In the ‘Avashyak Sutra (Nepali:आवश्यक सूत्र)’, a Jain holy textbook and Kautilya’s Arthshastra (कौटल्यको अर्थशास्त्र) before the 14th century also talks about Nepal. Similarly, Samundra Gupta, an Indian Gupta Emperor in his archive at Illahabad (Allahabad) also mentioned Assam and Kirtipur (Kumaon) as Nepal’s most friendly neighboring states. After then, every source is found mentioning Nepal as the sovereign state.

The word ‘Nepal’ has been mentioned in the archives found in the stone inscriptions discovered after 522 B.S. Thus, it is clear that the country has been recognized as “Nepal” from the ancient time. Mythological texts of Nepal also mentions the other names of Nepal as “Satyavati” in “Satya Yuga”, “Tapovan” in “Treta Yuga”, “Muktisopan” in” Dwapar Yuga” and “Nepal” in “Kali Yuga”.

Nepal Geography

Nepali, intact and adamant landlocked in between the two nations of India and China is a sovereign nation full of multi-ethnic, multilingual, multi-religious, multicultural and geographic diversities.

Geographically, Nepal located at the “South Asia” (the term Indian Subcontinent has been disapproved) lies at the latitude of 26°22′  North to 30°27′ North and longitude of 80°04′ East to 88°12’East is also an SAARC region (South Asian Regional Cooperation Organization) with it’s headquarters in Kathmandu. Spread in the area of 1,47,181 sq.km from approx 885 km East-West of temperate zone below the Northern Tropic covers the 0.03 percentage of the world and 0.3 percentage of Asia’s total land.

Depending on the geographic situation, Nepal is distributed as Himal (Himalayan), Pahad (Mountainous) and Terai (plains). “Kachanaklan” of Jhapa at 70 meters above the sea level is Nepal’s lowest point and ‘Mt. Everest’ of Sagarmatha Zone at an altitude of 8848 meters above the sea level is the highest point in Nepal and of the world too.

Nepal Culture

Since ancient times, Nepal has been inhabited by the people following various religions. Nepal is primarily dominated by the Sanatan Dharma, (the eternal form of Hinduism) and Buddhist religion.

Besides these other religions like Islam, Christianity, Kirat, Wahhab, and Sikh also independently exist here. Sanatan Dharma includes Saiva, Vaishnava, Shakta, Sourya whereas Buddhist religion includes Hinayana, Mahayana, Vajrayana, Tantrayana & Mantrayana, Sahajayana, and Bonpo Lama. These religions have been modified according to various ethnic and sub-ethnic religions in course if time. Practices like worshipping of nature, ancestors and invisible power of spirit have also been seen in the Nepali society. Mosto (मष्टो) in the Western Nepal, Chandi Devi in the Eastern Hills, Sansari Mai in the Terai, Sanatan Boudha, etc are also the faith and trust of various people.

Nepal is a multi-ethnic, multi-linguistic, multi-religious and multicultural country full of multi-attributes where unity in cultural diversity is found. Here is the unique combination of a variety of cultures since the ancient times. Cultural being inspired by the multi-cultural relationship people have been seen enjoying the exchange of cultural relationship too. Nepal can be proudly said as a nation developed of shared cultures.

Nepal People

National Census of the year 2068 BS (2011 AD) shows 26,494,504 number of total Nepalese population with the female and male population of 13,645,463 and 12,849,041 respectively.

Nepalese people faithful to national sovereignty, territorial integrity, national interest, and prosperity are very hardworking, disciplined and generous. The foreigners are easily influenced by Nepali people’s culture of hospitality towards guests.

Nepal language

Nepal as a multicultural country has more than 113 spoken languages, according to the census of 2068 BS (2011 AD). These spoken languages have been recognized as the national language. The Nepali language written in Devanagari script is the official language. However, local bodies and offices are entitled to use their own maternal language for paper works.

The use of English language is more seen in merchant offices and private schools.

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